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# pvec

Specify range and rate of variation of uncertain or time-varying parameters

## Syntax

```pv = pvec('box',range,rates)
pv = pvec('pol',vertices)
```

## Description

pvec is used in conjunction with psys to specify parameter-dependent systems. Such systems are parametrized by a vector p = (p1, . . ., pn) of uncertain or time-varying real parameters pi. The function pvec defines the range of values and the rates of variation of these parameters.

The type 'box' corresponds to independent parameters ranging in intervals

The parameter vector p then takes values in a hyperrectangle of Rn called the parameter box. The second argument range is an n-by-2 matrix that stacks up the extremal values and of each pj. If the third argument rates is omitted, all parameters are assumed time-invariant. Otherwise, rates is also an n-by-2 matrix and its j-th row specifies lower and upper bounds and on :

Set = –Inf and = Inf if pj(t) can vary arbitrarily fast or discontinuously.

The type 'pol' corresponds to parameter vectors p ranging in a polytope of the parameter space Rn. This polytope is defined by a set of vertices V1, . . ., Vn corresponding to "extremal" values of the vector p. Such parameter vectors are declared by the command

```pv = pvec('pol',[v1,v2, . . ., vn])
```

where the second argument is the concatenation of the vectors v1,...,vn.

The output argument pv is a structured matrix storing the parameter vector description. Use pvinfo to read the contents of pv.

## Examples

Consider a problem with two time-invariant parameters

p1 ∊ [–1, 2], p2 ∊ [20, 50]

The corresponding parameter vector p = (p1, p2) is specified by

```pv = pvec('box',[-1 2;20 50])
```

Alternatively, this vector can be regarded as taking values in the rectangle drawn in the following figure. The four corners of this rectangle are the four vectors

Hence, you could also specify p by

```pv = pvec('pol',[v1,v2,v3,v4])
```

Parameter box

## See Also

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